VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCs)

Have you ever walked into a house during the holiday’s and smelled that pine tree smell?  That smell is from naturally occurring VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds).  In fact, the “Smoky” Mountains, known for their famous blue smoke, is a combination of water mist and VOCs!

VOCs are more often not produced from nature. So where are the dangerous VOCs that we, as humans, produce?

 

VOCs are more often not produced from nature

VOCs are most often a by-product of many manufacturing, drying, cleaning, and coating processes.  Printing, converting (such as paper and other materials), painting, and many cleaning processes give off VOCs.  These VOCs must be controlled because VOCs are known to create health hazards in indoor space.


who can dispose of volatile organic compounds

There have been efforts to reduce the volume of organic compounds that evaporate (off-gas) from building materials and furniture used in the construction and in the furnishing of our homes and offices.  In addition, organic chemicals and compounds are found in our household cleaners, perfume, makeup, dry cleaning fluid, paints, lacquers, varnishes, hobby supplies, and in the glues that bond plywood and other common building materials.

These organic compounds are called “volatile” organic chemicals when they have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

In our world at large, the atmosphere and our health are adversely affected by VOCs. VOCs originate from crude oil which has been transformed into lighter organic products that become vapor at atmospheric conditions, a list of common hydrocarbon compounds (organic chemical compounds composed of only carbon (C) and hydrogen (H)) include:

Examples of typical hydrocarbon compounds

Chemical Name

Formula

Acetal
Acetone
Benzene
Butanol
Cyclohexanol
Formaldehyde
Heptane
Isopentane
C6H14O2
C3H6O
C6H6
C4H10
C6H12O
CH2O
C7H16
C5H12
Greenhouse gasses and depletion of the ozone layer are results of manmade VOCs.  Methane, the most common fuel gas, is also released in large quantities from coal mines and will stay in the atmosphere much longer than most greenhouse gasses.  At the same time, especially during summer months, VOCs react with NOx (oxides of nitrogen) via sunlight to form ground level ozone, a major contributor to smog and respiratory stress.

Certain diseases such as liver damage, anemia, leukemia, and damage to the central nervous system are increase with exposure to VOC’s.  Transportation and Industry are the leading contributors to VOCs in our atmosphere.  It is for these reasons our engineers continue to improve on the cost-effective systems to convert VOCs to harmless compounds or to recover these VOCs for re-use rather than allowing them to end up in our air.

Greenhouse gasses and depletion of the ozone layer are results of manmade VOCs.  Methane, the most common fuel gas, is also released in large quantities from coal mines and will stay in the atmosphere much longer than most greenhouse gasses.  At the same time, especially during summer months, VOCs react with NOx (oxides of nitrogen) via sunlight to form ground level ozone, a major contributor to smog and respiratory stress.

Certain diseases such as liver damage, anemia, leukemia, and damage to the central nervous system are increase with exposure to VOC’s.  Transportation and Industry are the leading contributors to VOCs in our atmosphere.  It is for these reasons our engineers continue to improve on the cost-effective systems to convert VOCs to harmless compounds or to recover these VOCs for re-use rather than allowing them to end up in our air.

Contact the LDX Solutions team to discuss how you can capture your operation’s VOCs.